Understanding the links between carbohydrates and health

Strategic vision

The task force focuses on the relationships of carbohydrates with public health. The task force particularly puts emphasis on glycaemic control and the role of dietary fibres.

Background

There is considerable evidence on the role of carbohydrates in con-communicable diseases.

Objectives

  • Understand the links between carbohydrates and health, particularly the relevance of controlling glycaemia.
  • Identify the types and quantities of carbohydrates that should be consumed to optimise health.

Achieved Results

  • In 2018, the task force published 2 peer-reviewed publications (Wittekind et al., 2018 and Buyken et al., 2018).
  • In 2019, the Task Force is expected to publish 3 manuscripts as outputs of their on-going activities.

Scientific Impact

  • The publication of the ‘Impact of Postprandial Glycaemia on Health and Prevention of Disease’ (Blaak et al., 2012) was already cited more than 150 times.
  • The outputs of the task force are widely disseminated in more than 20 major international conferences. For 2019, this includes 2 presentations at the 13th European Congress of Nutrition (FENS2019).

Task Force Members


* Scientific Advisors

Expert Groups

Workshop: ‘Health Relevance of Lowering Post-Prandial Glycaemia in Children and Adolescents through Diet’ – In collaboration with the Early Nutrition and Long Term Health Task Force

Background & Objectives
The workshop is planned for autumn 2020. The main objectives are to:

  • discuss the literature on the impact of lowering post-prandial glycaemic responses on health outcomes in infancy, childhood and adolescence;
  • debate the role of limiting high glycaemic excursions for metabolic disease prevention, with a specific focus on glycaemic control and risk markers related to metabolic disease prevention (Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease);
  • the way by which lower post-prandial glycaemia is obtained will be discussed especially regarding the long term effect.

Output
The outcomes will be published as   to reflect the state of the art in the field.

Characterisation of and Criteria for Glycaemic Exposure Markers in the Non-diabetic Population

Background & Objectives
There is broad consensus that the maintenance of blood glucose concentrations within the normal range is beneficial for health.

The goal of this project is to:

  • identify glycaemic exposure markers in nondiabetic population;
  • identify possible further research needs.

Output
This expert group is finalizing a systematic review to improve the recognition of alternative markers. This stimulates greater consideration of their potential use in intervention studies of foods and diets, particularly in the general (nondiabetic) population.

Quantifying the Health Impact of Reduced Post-Prandial Glycaemia

Background & Objectives
Reductions in post-prandial glycaemic (PPG) and relative insulinaemic (PPI) responses are likely to be beneficial in reducing the risks of several noncommunicable diseases.

This activity aims to:

  • review the types of data available, identifying and collecting key variables which support this exercise Review potential implications of nutritional
    interference;
  • clarify the impact of PPG and PPI in terms of quantitative risk reduction in the general population (a public health approach);
  • allow for differentiating the potential effects of food from pharmaceutical treatment of diagnosed individuals.

Output
This expert group is developing two manuscripts:

  • one focused on diet based interventions;
  • another focused on drug based interventions.

Expert Group Members

Health Relevance of Lowering Post-Prandial Glycaemia in Children and Adolescents Through Diet

Characterisation of and Criteria for Glycaemic Exposure Markers in the Non-diabetic Population

Quantifying the Health Impact of Reduced Post-Prandial Glycaemia

Poster

Impact of Postprandial Glycaemia on Health: Role in Body Weight Control and Diabetes Prevention

Publications

All Publications

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