Expanding the use of a science-based tool for toxicological health risk assessment

Objectives

The Task Force aims to strengthen the scientific fundamentals for TTC and to expand its applicability as a risk assessment tool for substances to which humans are exposed at low levels.

Impact

The Task Force organised the EUROTOX Continuing Education Course (CEC) to expand the TTC concept awareness and provide an overview of current nonanimal methods to deal with data gaps in hazard and exposure assessment.
The Task Force frequently collaborates with the CEFICLong-Range Research Initiative. One of their successfully completed projects involved the creation of a carcinogen database and the presentation of the results to a digital workshop.

For more detailed information, please contact Angeliki Stavropoulou at AStavropoulou@ilsieurope.be  or Belinda Antonio at bantonio@ilsieurope.be

Task Force Members


* Scientific Advisor

Expert Groups

Uncertainty in Hazard Assessment: a Comparison of TTC versus Chemical-Specific Approaches (TTC)

Background and Objectives
The probabilistic approach using the genotoxicity and non-cancer (Cramer class) Thresholds of Toxicological Concern (TTC) is often perceived as accepting a higher risk than traditional risk assessments.
However, robust scientific activities to describe the sources of uncertainty within the TTC approach have not yet been conducted or published.
In cases where endogenous exposure is proven to add substantially to the exposome, it becomes essential to better understand the contribution of in vivo background occurrence, as compared to the ingestion from exogenous sources, to arrive at a comprehensive risk assessment.

Output
The Expert Group examines how much uncertainty may be associated with the application of the TTC approach, compared to a substance-specific risk assessment.
The group expects to produce two reviews:

  • An initial focus on qualitative description and ranking of the identified sources of uncertainty;
  • A subsequent quantitative assessment of the remaining quantifiable uncertainties.

Building Cumulative Assessment Groups for Combined Exposure Risk Assessment Based on TTC Thresholds or Read-Across

Background and Objectives
The group aims to develop scientific approaches for refinement of TTC-based co-exposure risk assessments, using real-world case examples and focus on data-poor substances and poorly characterized compounds at low exposure levels (metabolites/impurities of pesticides, chemicals, or biocides, food contact material migrants, packaging materials, or process-related contaminants)
Solidify the scientific basis for combined toxicity screening assessment using TTC threshold values.

Output
We will:

  • Provide guidance on methods to predict specific toxicity or general toxicological similarity to enable
    grouping into cumulative assessment groups;
  • Develop a workflow relevant for different regulations for coexposure risk assessment based on TTC
    thresholds, possibly combined with specific readacross groups;
  • Evaluate if and in which cases it might be sufficient to compare the TTC thresholds to individual
    coexposure component levels and in which cases all or some coexposure components should be added.

Cefic-LRI/ILSI Europe Joint Workshop on “Carcinogen Dose-Response Database for Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) Completed

Background – Carcinogen Dose-Response Database for Threshold of Toxicological Concern
Building on the evaluation of the Cancer Potency Database (CPDB) developed by the ILSI Europe CPDB Expert Group the joint research project ‘Carcinogen Dose-Response Database for TTC’ (B18) supported by ILSI Europe, Liverpool John Moores University (UK), Molecular Networks GmbH (DE), Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (DE) and the European Chemical Industry Council Long-Range Research Initiative (CEFIC LRI) aims to generate a fully-curated, quality-controlled and publically-available database on cancer potency data for genotoxic and non-genotoxic carcinogens. The add-on project B18.2, run by Fraunhofer ITEM, collected non-cancer endpoint data for the non-DNA-reactive subset of carcinogens of B18.

Workshop Objectives
A broad range of stakeholders including US FDA, EFSA, WHO, JRC etc. had voiced in previous evaluations of the TTC cancer thresholds that it would be advisable to update and reanalyse the cancer database forming the basis of the current TTC threshold. Consequently, the organisation of a workshop is envisaged in order to discuss the results of the joint project with relevant experts familiar with cancer data interpretation and TTC. In particular, the workshop aims:

  • To introduce the final database and the methods applied
  • To achieve consensus on
    • appropriate study and data selection
    • the preferred statistical approach to biologically relevant cancer potency descriptors
    • should the expert group agree that an update of the existing TTC threshold of 0.15 µg/person/day were warranted, on appropriate extrapolation for practical TTC cancer thresholds
  • To develop recommendations for optimal use of the cancer potency database

Expert Group Members

Uncertainty in Hazard Assessment: A Comparison of TTC versus Chemical-Specific Approaches


* Contributions made as DSM expert. Currently working for another company.

Building Cumulative Assessment Groups for Combined Exposure Risk Assessment Based on TTC Thresholds or Read-Across

Cefic-LRI/ILSI Europe Joint Workshop on “Carcinogen Dose-Response Database for Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) Completed

Publications

All Publications

The Role of Hazard- and Risk-Based Approaches in Ensuring Food Safety

Trends in Food Science & Technology. 2015;46(2) Part A:176-188. Supported by the following task forces: Emerging Microbiological Issues, Food Allergy, Food Intake Methodology, Novel Foods and Nanotechnology, Process Related Compounds and Natural Toxins, Risk Analysis in Food Microbiology, and Threshold of Toxicological Concern.

Read more

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