Here we address control diets in Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) on modified dietary interventions for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). In this sub analysis, following Yamamoto et al. Diabetes Care 2018, we conclude that control diets used in RCTs addressing modified dietary intervention in women with GDM display marked heterogeneity in all analysed characteristics, probably reflecting the diet properties of the background population. This is desirable from the cultural and socioeconomic point of view, but may have an impact on the response to nutritional management of GDM and should be addressed in future research.
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